My Dog Killed a Groundhog [When Curiosity Turns Deadly]

Zack Keithy, our author, is a certified veterinarian technician (UC Blue Ash) for over 6 years (contact him here). The articles written here are based on his expertise and experience, combined with a review by our expert vet reviewers including Dr M. Tarantino. Learn more about us here.

Picture this: a peaceful afternoon, the sun shining, birds chirping, and your furry companion bounding through the yard with a gleeful twinkle in their eye.

All seems idyllic until Fido triumphantly emerges from the bushes, holding something in his jaws. Very soon you realize, your dog killed a groundhog!

As shocking as it may seem, you need to understand why it happens, the potential problems it might cause, and how you can prevent it in the future.

Let’s jump right in.

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Navigate this post
  1. Why Would a Dog Kill a Groundhog? 4 Likely Reasons
  2. What Should You Do if Your Dog Kills a Groundhog?
  3. How to Prevent Dogs From Killing Groundhogs?
  4. What Dog Breeds Are Most Likely to Attack Groundhogs?
  5. Can Killing a Groundhog Trigger a Behavior Change in My Dog?
  6. What Sickness Can My Dog Get From Killing a Groundhog?
  7. Can a Groundhog Hurt My Dog?
  8. What Should You Do if Your Dog Gets Bitten by a Groundhog?
  9. Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
  10. In Conclusion: My Dog Killed a Groundhog

Why Would a Dog Kill a Groundhog? 4 Likely Reasons

Why Would a Dog Kill a Groundhog

You might be wondering why on earth a dog would go to the lengths of hunting down and killing a groundhog.

I will cover all that in the next few sections and uncover the motivations behind Fido’s groundhog conquest!

1. Instinctual behavior

Some dogs have very strong instincts, just like their wild relatives, the wolves and that includes a strong urge to hunt and catch prey.

When a dog spots a groundhog, their instincts kick in, seeing the groundhog as something to chase and catch.

2. Protection of territory

Dogs are very protective of their homes and yards. They consider their space as their special place.

When a groundhog enters a dog’s territory, it naturally feels threatened and wants to protect what is rightfully theirs, leading them to chase and attack the groundhog.

3. Defense of family or pack

Dogs are loyal creatures who care deeply for their family or human friends. They won’t hesitate to act if they think a groundhog could potentially harm their loved ones.

4. Preemptive action

Some dogs have an instinct to be on the lookout for potential threats.

They are always ready to take action!

For these dogs, groundhogs might look like troublemakers, so they go into “guard mode.”

It’s as if they are superheroes protecting their neighborhood.

Hunting or guard dogs are more likely to show this behavior.

What Should You Do if Your Dog Kills a Groundhog?

If your dog kills a groundhog, here are some immediate steps you can take.

Check your dog’s vaccination status

Just like going to the doctor for a check-up, you should ensure that your dog’s vaccinations are current.

It protects them from any diseases the groundhog might carry, like rabies. If you need more clarification, talk to a veterinarian you trust.

Train your dog to control its prey drive

Think of it like teaching your dog to have control over their emotions.

To do so, you can start with basic obedience training and focus on commands like “sit,” “stay,” and “leave it.”

Later on, you can start exposing your dog to controlled situations with its prey drive triggers, rewarding it for calm behavior and redirecting its attention when necessary.

Keep track of potential tapeworms

You might have to deal with some creepy crawlies.

Groundhogs can have tapeworms, and your dog can get them too after an interaction.

This might sound gross but you need to keep an eye on your dog’s poop.

Speak to your vet immediately if you see anything unusual, like wiggly worms.

Monitor for fleas and ticks

Fleas and ticks are tiny adventurers always looking for a place to stay.

They can hitch a ride on groundhogs and then jump onto your dog.

Check your dog’s fur regularly for any of these pesky creatures and ask your veterinarian for the best way to eliminate them.

Dispose of the groundhog’s body properly

When it comes to saying goodbye to the groundhog, safety comes first.

You should wear gloves to protect yourself while putting the groundhog in a bag or container, and follow your local rules on how to get rid of it.

The last thing you want is for other animals to get into it.

Consider using a leash or a fenced area

Sometimes, you need extra precautions.

If your dog likes chasing after small animals, using a leash or having a fenced area can keep everyone safe.

Create a special zone where your dog can play without getting into trouble.

Get help from a professional dog trainer

If this kind of behavior keeps happening, you shouldn’t hesitate to ask for help.

A professional dog trainer or behaviorist can understand what’s happening and give you special tips and tricks to improve things.

How to Prevent Dogs From Killing Groundhogs?

How to Prevent Dogs From Killing Groundhogs

Now that the deed is done, what can you do to prevent it from happening again?

I have a few tips for you.

Leash your dog or keep them in a fenced area

When your doggy pal is on a leash or in a fenced area, you have better control over them.

This way, they won’t chase after groundhogs or other animals, keeping everyone safe.

Train your dog to leave wildlife alone

You can teach your doggie to listen to you.

Spend time training them to come back when you call and to ignore animals when you say, “leave it.”

Praise and treats can help make them understand what you want them to do.

Remove any nearby groundhog burrows

Groundhogs love to dig their cozy homes in the ground.

If you have any groundhog burrows in your yard, fill them up.

By doing it, you are closing the door to their house, so they won’t come and visit, which means fewer chances of your dog encountering them.

Use natural repellents to deter groundhogs

Have you ever used something that smells strong to keep insects away?

Well, there are natural repellents that can do the same for groundhogs.

Sprays or scents that imitate predators can make groundhogs think twice before coming near your home.

You can try mixing pepper, cayenne, and Tabasco.

This powerful repellent will keep them out for good.

Supervise your dog

Think of yourself as a detective watching out for your dog’s actions.

When your dog is outside, don’t let them out of your sight.

If you see them starting to chase after a groundhog, quickly get their attention with a fun toy or a game.

Redirecting their focus can help them forget about hunting.

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What Dog Breeds Are Most Likely to Attack Groundhogs?

Do you know which dog breeds are more likely to chase and hunt groundhogs? It could very well be one that you own.

While some breeds have strong hunting instincts, a dog’s behavior can also depend on their personality and training.

Let’s find out about a few dog breeds known for their hunting instincts and their potential interest in chasing or hunting groundhogs.

Jack Russell terriers

These dogs are like energetic detectives, always ready for action.

Breeders bred them to hunt small animals, including groundhogs that live in burrows.

This means they have a strong desire to chase and catch their prey!

Staffordshire bull terriers

Meet the adventurous and brave explorers.

Staffordshire Bull Terriers were originally bred for bull-baiting but have become loving family pets.

However, they still have their terrier instincts and might show interest in chasing small animals like groundhogs.

Basset hounds

Imagine a detective with an amazing sense of smell!

People originally bred Basset Hounds for tracking and hunting small game.

While their main job is to sniff and trail scents, they might also be curious about pursuing groundhogs because of their hunting background.


Have you heard of the “wiener dogs” with big personalities?

Breeders bred Dachshunds to hunt badgers and other animals that live in burrows.

With their long bodies and short legs, they can navigate holes easily, which might make them want to chase groundhogs.

Australian cattle dogs

Get ready for action like real cowboys.

Australian Cattle Dogs, also known as Blue Heelers or Red Heelers, are bred to help herd livestock.

They have lots of energy and strong herding instincts, which might make them want to chase and control groundhogs.

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Can Killing a Groundhog Trigger a Behavior Change in My Dog?

Every dog is different, and the impact can vary.

Here are a few scenarios that might play out.

Reinforcement of prey drive

If a dog successfully kills a groundhog, it might strengthen its natural hunting instincts.

Catching and “winning” against the groundhog can make them want to chase and hunt other small animals more than before.

Increased aggression or territorial behavior

When a dog kills a groundhog, it might think it’s protecting its territory or family.

It could make them more aggressive or territorial towards other animals and sometimes even people.

Anxiety or fear

Some dogs may feel anxious or scared after such an encounter.

The intense chase or conflict could leave a lasting impact, making them more reactive or nervous in similar situations.

Desensitization to hunting

In some cases, dogs can become used to hunting and killing small animals, making them more likely to engage in similar behavior in the future.

What Sickness Can My Dog Get From Killing a Groundhog?

Honestly, plenty.

These are some of the health problems your dog may face after interacting with a groundhog.


Rabies can transmit through bites or scratches from infected animals like groundhogs.

It can make dogs very sick and even be dangerous to humans.

That’s why keeping our furry friends protected with vaccines is crucial.

Parasitic infections

Groundhogs can carry tiny parasites like fleas, ticks, and worms.

When dogs come into contact with these pests while hunting or playing with groundhogs, they can get infected too.

These parasites can cause discomfort and health issues for your dog.


Tularemia is another illness that dogs can get from groundhogs.

This bacterial infection can transmit through the bite of an infected groundhog.

It can give your dog fever, lethargy, and loss of appetite.

Can a Groundhog Hurt My Dog?

Did you know that a groundhog can potentially hurt your dog? It’s true!

Although groundhogs are usually peaceful animals, they might become defensive if they feel scared or trapped.

Here are a few situations where a groundhog could pose a danger to your dog.

Biting or scratching

If a dog gets too close or tries to play with a groundhog, it might bite or scratch to protect itself.

With their sharp teeth and claws, groundhogs can cause some serious injuries to your dog, especially if they strike sensitive areas like the face or eyes.

Disease transmission

Just like other wild animals, groundhogs can carry diseases like rabies.

If an infected groundhog scratches or bites your dog, there is a risk of disease transmission.

That’s why ensuring your dog’s vaccinations are current, especially protection against rabies, is essential.

Aggression from fear or feeling trapped

When a dog corners a groundhog in its burrow or makes it feel trapped, the groundhog might respond with defensive aggression.

It may try to bite or scratch to protect itself from what it sees as a threat.

What Should You Do if Your Dog Gets Bitten by a Groundhog?

If your doggie gets bitten by a groundhog, you need to act quickly.

Follow these steps to handle the situation.

Stay safe

Make sure you are safe and avoid getting bitten yourself.

Keep your distance if the groundhog is still around and poses a threat, and don’t try to touch it!

Secure your dog

Safely hold your dog and prevent any further contact with the groundhog before moving to a neutral spot.

This will help reduce the risk of more bites or injuries.

Check the wound

Carefully examine the bite wound on your dog.

If the damage looks bad, is bleeding, or seems infected, it’s best to get veterinary help immediately.

Clean the wound

If the bite is not severe, gently clean it with a mild antiseptic or warm water and mild soap.

Don’t use anything harsh that could make the wound worse.

Apply first aid

After cleaning the wound, put on some antiseptic ointment or a special pet bandage if you have one.

Cover the injury with a clean bandage or sterile gauze.

Contact the vet

Calling your vet for advice is essential, even if the bite seems small.

They can tell you what to do next based on your dog’s health and may suggest additional treatment or vaccinations.

Watch for signs of infection or illness

In the hours and days after getting bitten, you need to monitor the bite wound for signs of infection, like swelling, redness, or discharge, or if your dog seems uncomfortable or has a fever.

If you notice anything worrying, contact your vet right away.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Will a groundhog fight a dog?

Groundhogs usually prefer to avoid fighting and would rather run away. But if a groundhog feels scared or trapped, it might bite or scratch in self-defense.

How long does it take for rabies to show in dogs?

Rabies can take weeks to several months to show signs in dogs. Usually, it takes about 2 to 8 weeks after exposure for symptoms to appear, and sometimes, even longer. Making sure your dog’s rabies vaccinations are up to date is the best prevention you can take.

What to do if your dog ate a dead groundhog?

If your dog ate a dead groundhog, don’t panic right away. Don’t give your dog anything to induce vomiting, which can make the animal sick. Instead, take your pet to a vet immediately.

In Conclusion: My Dog Killed a Groundhog

Although it may be disconcerting to witness our dogs tap into their primal instincts, understanding the underlying motivations behind their behavior is key.

We can then help them navigate their prey drive responsibly, ensuring a harmonious coexistence between our furry friends and the wildlife around us.

Keen to read more about dog behavior? Check these posts out too:

You’ve made it to the end, but I hope it’s not the end of our journey. We want to hear your voice! Share your thoughts, problems, suggestions, or anything related to your dog in the comments section. And don’t forget to join our newsletter today too.

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Zack Keithy
Zack Keithy

Hey, I'm Zack, the Chief Editor here. I was formerly a Certified Veterinary Technician (CVT) for a good 6 years before moving on to greener pastures. Right now, I am still heavily involved in dog parenting duties, and it is my desire to share all our knowledge with fellow dog owners out there! Connect with me on LinkedIn, or read more about Daily Dog Drama!

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